(616) 676-9177
(616) 676-9177

The Core Stages of Gum Disease

Gum disease stages and treatment Ada MI dentists Many individuals throughout the U.S. require gum disease treatment to maintain acceptable oral health. Not all are affected by the same type, however, as the condition can be broken down into 4 distinct stages with only one being able to be reversed by either you or our Ada, MI, dentists.

Here’s what you need to know about gum disease and its progression.

Explaining Gum Disease

Gum disease, or periodontal disease, describes an infection of the tissues that surround and hold teeth in place. Having some form of gum disease is common among adults and is caused by an accumulation of plaque. Fortunately, gum disease doesn’t have to happen and is preventable with proper oral hygiene.

Gum disease may be at fault if you’re experiencing:

  • Tender, swollen, red, or bleeding gums
  • Constant bad breath or bad taste in mouth
  • Loose teeth
  • Pain while chewing
  • Gum recession (pulling away from teeth)
  • Deep pockets or pus between teeth and gums

Gingivitis & Periodontitis

You might think that gum disease is one thing and that’s all there is to the condition. Well, there are actually varying stages and two ways gum disease is categorized: gingivitis and periodontitis.

Gingivitis signifies the beginning and earliest stage of periodontal disease. It is the only stage that is reversible as any infection that progresses beyond gingivitis requires more in-depth dental treatments. Periodontitis is long-term and can only be managed with periodontal therapy or more intensive methods like oral surgery.

Symptoms Within Each Stage

Within every stage of periodontal disease, there are signs or symptoms that require further oral examination and treatment. One stage marker is gum pocket depth. As gum disease worsens, the pockets that form between your gums and teeth grow deeper allowing bacteria to wreak havoc on oral tissues.

The four core stages of this condition include gingivitis, slight periodontal disease, moderate periodontal disease, and advanced periodontal disease.

1. Gingivitis

When enough plaque has built up around your teeth, gingivitis can occur. With regards to symptoms, this typically means swollen or red gums and bleeding when brushing or flossing. It is at this stage that a patient’s gum disease is reversible and has not resulted in many other complications.

Gingivitis is a mild infection and some may not even know it’s developed until told by our dentist. This is because symptoms are often painless. Certain symptoms, like bleeding gums, can mistakenly be attributed to brushing or flossing too hard which while possible, is not always the case.

The best way to treat and reverse gingivitis is to thoroughly brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss daily. Our dentists also recommend you receive a professional teeth cleaning and proceed to have one every 6 months for good oral health.

2. Slight Periodontal Disease

Moving past gingivitis and into the realm of periodontitis, this stage is less likely to be reversed. Our dentists can help you manage the condition with treatment but can’t promise that it’ll completely disappear.

You’ll notice increased swelling, redness, and bleeding of the gums. The pockets between your gums and teeth will also be deeper which our dentists will probe to diagnose the stage. A depth measurement of 4 to 5 millimeters will indicate slight periodontal disease and require specialized cleaning beyond at-home care.

Action will need to be taken at this point as bacteria has spread to the bone which means bone tissues are under attack. We encourage you to visit our Ada, MI, dental office if you are experiencing symptoms of this nature.

3. Moderate Periodontal Disease

This stage of infection shares similar symptoms as slight periodontal disease but does differ in terms of pocket depths. Those will typically measure between 6 and 7 millimeters when probed by our dentist.

Because bacteria can attack both your teeth and jawbone at this point, our dentists will perform a procedure called scaling and root planing. This form of treatment involves a deep cleaning below the gumline to remove bacterial deposits and can improve the health of your smile. It can also be used to treat the previous gum disease stage.

4. Advanced Periodontal Disease

Ignoring the other 3 stages will result in an advanced form of gum disease. Treatment is possible but will likely be either periodontal surgery or periodontal laser therapy to clean out the deep pockets of bacteria underneath the gums and allow for healing. Severe periodontal disease often results in:

  • Irreversible bone loss (50-90% chance)
  • Red and swollen gums
  • Gums that ooze pus
  • Pain while chewing
  • Intense sensitivity to cold
  • Severe bad breath
  • Loose teeth

Get the Gum Disease Help You Need

Our dentists in Ada, MI, can treat your gum disease no matter the stage and restore strength back to your smile. Even if it’s beyond the point of being reversed, we’ll make sure the health of your teeth and gums are managed in a way that doesn’t lead to your condition worsening. Call Norman Family Dentistry today at (616) 676-9177 to request an appointment.